The fresh new file demonstrates elder professionals officials of each and every armed forces typically given orders to determine morale stations, and you may professionals officials out of subordinate products generated plans and you will carried it out. cuatro Comfort programs was to be studied exclusively for soldiers and you may officers. Japan military made use of numerous justifications to own doing the system: to increase armed forces spirits; to handle the brand new conclusion of troops; to help you incorporate venereal ailment one of the soldiers; and avoid rapes by the Japanese troops, therefore steering clear of the go up of aggression among populace off occupied portion. 5
Comfort station were mainly based first-in Shanghai inside the 1932, following from inside the The japanese, Asia, new Philippines, Indonesia, Malaya, Thailand, Burma, East The fresh new Guinea, Hong kong, Macau, French Indochina, and other regionsfort channels were dependent wherever the japanese soldiers ran. 6
The story of Yong Soo Lee
not, given that Japanese army proceeded armed forces extension from the late 1930s, it considered your regional people for the occupied elements, such Korea, Taiwan, and China, to coerce women on the helping sexually on these channels.
From inside the 1938, japan military started to need Japanese otherwise regional brokers to “recruit” female, particularly in Korea and you will Taiwan. It absolutely was popular that people agencies otherwise the subcontractors do go from city to some other, procuring 40 in order to fifty young girls simultaneously. When they secure enough feminine, they will post these to Asia or other war zones. The best treatment for “recruit” younger girls within the Korea is actually deceit, that is, and work out untrue guarantees out of employment while the factory workers, nurses, washing professionals, otherwise home helpers when you look at the Japan and other Japanese-occupied areas. Usually, dilies would be deceived by this “recruiting” and you will would not know the genuine nature of the performs up to these people were pulled to the a comfort station. seven
Into the the conclusion the battle, new army used the police force so you can procure female. Of numerous more youthful girls were artificially taken. We can find out how a beneficial girl is taken up against their unique often being a comfort lady from inside the Yong Soo Lee’s facts. 8 Lee was certainly one of three survivors just who testified until the United states Home of Representatives’ Overseas Interactions Committee about violations of their civil liberties by the Japanese bodies. This testimony triggered the new passing of the brand new nonbinding You Household Solution 121 (2007), urging The japanese to accept full responsibility towards the measures of their military. This new victims’ personal reports regarding the testimony give us a great stunning image of that it terrible problem.
From the autumn of 1944, whenever she are 16 yrs . old, she and a friend was in fact taken to Taiwan, in which these people were forced to behave as sexual slaves to your Japanese military
Lee lived-in Taegu, Korea, not as much as Japanese community in early 1940s. Their own family unit members is actually bad, and you may she received only 1 season from formal degree. She first started in a factory to support their particular family unit members at the age of thirteen. She remembers one to a beneficial Japanese man came to their house and you can entitled their own to come aside. Lacking the knowledge of in which she was supposed otherwise why, she was taken away because of the Japanese troops. She satisfied about three almost every other girls, and have been the put on a subway. They went to Kyongju earliest, following so you’re able to P’yongan Province into the north Korea. In the travel, Japanese soldiers strike and banged them, and she possibly shed consciousness. Towards the a ship and you can once more a train, she are taken to Dalian, Shanghai, last but most certainly not least Taiwan. Certain cette page authoritative documents and you may testimony confirmed you to comfort women had been moved from the military luggage ships off The japanese and you will Korea to several towns and cities regarding Asia–Pacific region. They ensures that Japan’s Ministry off War is actually actually doing work in moving the individuals feminine so you’re able to war zones, because try impractical to use any Japanese armed forces vessels instead of new ministry’s permission. nine